In physics, particularly electromagnetism, the Lorentz force is the combination of electric and magnetic force on a point charge due to electromagnetic fields.
Lorentz force on sodium and chlorine ions in a salt water solution flow under a transverse magnetic field
It is shown that, by applying elementary concepts in electromagnetism and electrochemistry to a system consisting of salt water flowing in a thin rectangular pipe at an average velocity vA under the influence of a transverse magnetic field B0, an electromotive force generator can be conceived. In fact, the Lorentz force acting on the sodium and chlorine ions in a water solution gives rise to a so-called Faraday voltage across the two metal electrodes, positioned at the sides of the pipe. The effect is carried along the following chemical reactions at the electrodes: at the cathode, water is reduced (instead of sodium ions) and hydrogen gas is generated; at the anode, chlorine gas is produced. In college physics teaching, this interdisciplinary subject can be adopted to stress analogies and differences between the Hall voltage in conductors and the Faraday voltage in electrolyte solutions.
My research tells me it is the pulsed electromagnetic fields from the radar stations causing all of the turbulence in the water of the coast of Kauai as the strong fields cause accelerated dissolution and decay of the coral reef structure. The turbidity is enhanced due to Lorentz forces (and the dissolving reef suspended solids, along with normal wave action)
“Scientist Wolf Hilbertz and his team created a technique that utilized electricity to enhance coral growth on artificial reefs. They did so in response to low colonization of previously placed artificial reefs. The colonization failure was thought to be a combination of unsuitable materials and poor vertical profiles. By using electricity, Hilbertz was able to draw ions directly from seawater to create calcium rich rocks. The process, called accretion, was similar to what happened on its own in the ocean. It differed, however, in one significant way—the artificial process was much faster.”
The point of this article is to show you that positively charged calcium ions in solution are very attracted to negative charges, such as from an electrode or anode in a wire. In a controlled environment, such as with an anode and cathode wires in solution, you can accrete CaCO3.
But in an uncontrolled environment with millions of watts of pulsed electromagnetic microwaves absorbed at the surface of the ocean along waves of varying height (they make good antennas), these induced charge clusters in solution will “condition” and gradually breakdown the existing reef structure, faster than the corals can re-build it.
There is really NO NEW SCIENCE that is required to understand what is going on along our coastlines and is now more severe in Melbourne, FL and Kauai around concentrated high powered radars. It is really an engineering problem. The electrical engineers and physicist DID NOT to do an energy balance and figure out where all of the EMF is going and the effect it is having on surrounding biology. Only a fraction of the electromagnetic energy makes it back to the radar dish. There is 2-4 times more electromagnetic radiation striking all areas of the ground and ocean around the radars than makes it back to the radar dish!
Another calculation can further test this conclusion. Lorentz forces move positive charges one way and negative charges the other. This would create a small electric field across the blood vessel. A balance would be reached when the electric field was strong enough to counter the Lorentz forces. Refering to the table above, balance occurs at an electric field strength of 0.00024 volts per meter. Of course, a blood vessel is much smaller than a meter, so across a 1 mm width, the voltage difference would be a mere 0.24 microvolts. Compare this to the voltage difference across a human cell membrane which is typically 80 millivolts. The membrane potential is 333,000 times greater than the Lorentz voltage. Again, we must conclude that Lorentz forces cannot play a significant role under our assumed conditions. If the velocity were higher or the magnetic field greater, more of an effect would be expected. But remember, we are orders of magnitude away from matching the other forces and energies. You can now see why so many physical scientists are skeptical of magnetic health hype.
To counter this pessimism, let’s take a look at some unusual creatures. Sharks, skates and rays are able to use the Earth’s magnetic field for guidance. They accomplish this feat with special organs in their heads called “Ampullae of Lorenzini.” Interesting name, don’t you think? The ampullae are long, jelly-filled canals that use Lorentz forces to separate ions and create low level electric fields. These are very specialized sensors capable of detecting less than 1 microvolt. As the fish swim across the Earth’s magnetic field lines, the microvoltages in their sensors change, allowing them to tell north/south from east/west. Sharks actually do what we just calculated to be impractical. Let’s compare our blood flow assumptions to the environment of the shark. For blood flow, we assumed a velocity of 1 cm/sec and a field of 240 gauss. For a shark, perhaps we could estimate a swimming speed of 1 m/sec in the Earth’s field of 1/2 gauss. Comparing these numbers, the blood flow Lorentz forces would actually be 4.8 times greater than the shark Lorentz forces. At faster blood speeds, the situation could be 48 times more favorable. So if the biology is arranged just right, magnetic Lorentz forces can make a difference. Fancy calculations and dumb sharks contrast the opinions in the debate over permanent magnets and health.
NOW THEY KNOW! WHAT ARE THEY GOING TO DO???? WHEN????
We are now in the early stage of the sixth great extinction. Unlike previous extinction events, which were caused by natural phenomena, this one is of human origin. For the first time in the earth’s long history, one species has evolved, if that is the right word, to where it can eradicate much of life.
University of Otago researchers from the Department of Zoology have expressed serious concerns for the future of the Dunedin Yellow-eyed Penguin population.
This comes after the recent high mortality of Yellow-eyed Penguins where more than 50 adult penguins were found dead on beaches of the Otago Peninsula. The researchers understand that one more bird was found dead last week.
“Since the mid-1990s the population of Yellow-eyed Penguins on the peninsula has declined by more than 50%,” says the Department of Zoology’s Dr Ursula Ellenberg.
“We are effectively losing about 12 breeding pairs per year. If this trend continues unabated, the Yellow-eyed Penguin might become a rare sight on the Peninsula in our lifetimes.”
Introduced predators such as stoats, fisheries by-catch and human disturbance are currently considered the main causes of this overall decline.
“A sudden die-off like the one we just experienced, significantly adds to the tally. With about 180 breeding pairs left on the peninsula, 50 dead adults represent a considerable portion of the remaining breeding stock.”
Currently 56 yellow-eyed penguin/hoiho have died from the mystery illness. Toxicology results (of three birds) from the Cawthorn Institute have come back negative for all toxins tested. This result, however, remains inconclusive.
Further virology testing is being carried out by MPI, but there is no evidence from gross pathology to support the deaths being caused by avian malaria or other infectious disease. Marine scientists took water and phytoplankton samples this week and Massey University recommends widening the testing for other biotoxins, but this is expensive and frustrating.
In my model of the “weather”, our atmosphere can bend and focus/lense electromagnetic radiation back into the ground and ocean below, where it “grounds out” into the saltwater. If you happen to be a penguin floating in salt water, you make A VERY GOOD ANTENNA in the microwave frequency range (10 cm +/- wavelength)
I THINK WE ARE ELECTROCUTING THE BIRDS with all of the overlapping EMF, which intensifies during low cloud ceiling, highly reflective storms.
WASHINGTON, DC – May 6, 2014 – An international team of researchers has, for the first time, identified an avian influenza virus in a group of Adélie penguins from Antarctica. The virus, found to be unlike any other circulating avian flu, is described in a study published this week in mBio®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.
While other research groups have taken blood samples from penguins before and detected influenza antibodies, no one had detected actual live influenza virus in penguins or other birds in Antarctica previously, says study author and Associate Professor Aeron Hurt, PhD, a senior research scientist at the WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza in Melbourne, Australia.
For the study, Hurt and colleagues collected swabs from the windpipes and posterior openings of 301 Adélie penguins, and blood from 270 of those penguins, from two locations on the Antarctic Peninsula: Admiralty Bay and Rada Covadonga. The samples were collected during January and February 2013.
Dr Gardner and her colleagues suggested that because Auster Rookery is relatively close to Mawson station, the penguins may have been exposed to this common poultry disease through contact with humans or their cargo. In support of this theory, they found no antibodies to IBDV in adult Adélie penguins from Edmonson Point – a more remote colony in the Ross Sea.
However, it is difficult to reconcile that a high percentage of emperor penguin chicks are exposed to IBDV through human contact when you look at their natural history. Emperor penguin colonies live on floating sea ice, and their eggs hatch in the middle of winter, when there is no transport of goods from outside the continent and few personnel are at Mawson station. During the summer months, when most human activity occurs, the penguins are away at sea. In many years the ice from the colony area melts completely, so there is no environment in which the virus can live.
One of my readers posted this message to my blog, I decided to make a post of it because I agree with most of the content and it follows along with my line of thinking & research. I don’t get too many physicists posting information to my blog and I appreciate him doing it. I believe as soon as we all realize vacuum interactions are very common in our atmosphere and it is not just hot and cold creating all of the weather phenomena, we will begin to take a quantum leap forward in our understanding of all the dimensions of space we interact with. It also may become obvious that pulsing a few billion watts of electromagnetic radiation into it 24/7 might not be a good thing.
“A new type of combinational hydrodynamics over Bermuda triangle:
Pulling torque increases along the direction of travel instead of radial direction observed in a Storm pool as amplified energy above the Bermuda triangle.A longitudinal one instead of radial one.vortex .Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar,Oxford astrophysicist says that temperature difference in condensed matter physics of space may call for a spring type reaction calling for magnetic field reversal under extreme temperature variations in understanding blackhole dynamics lots of moisture over the water to quickly vacuum condense and create a huge contrail vortex around the path of the particles to pull an aircraft in during the formation of longitudinal vortex.This can be compared with Blackouts of moisture over the water to quickly vacuum condense and create a huge contrail vortex around the path of the particles to pull an aircraft in.The idea is comparable with that low-mass proto-galaxies with black holes at their center would have merged, creating a gravitational kick that would send the now larger black hole outward fast enough to escape the host dwarf galaxyhole ejection of reversible magnetic field at a faster rate.Sankaravelayudhan Nandakumar,Oford astrophysicist says that temperature difference in condensed matter physics of space may call for a spring type reaction calling for magnetic field reversal under extreme temperature variations in understanding blackhole dynamics as energy rewinding .Gravity’s “not really weaker, it just seems weaker, because some of its particles are in another dimension we can’t see.”
Gee – pardon the pun – but maybe ALL of its particles are in that other dimension, (the one we can’t see), because we haven’t seen any of them in this ‘dimension’ yet.
Remember, Rebecca, in spite of decades of searching and trillions of dollars of research no one’s ever found a single graviton.
That doesn’t mean they don’t exist but they’re like so much research related to Cosmology, products of a vast theoretical edifice built upon theories derived from theories derived from yet more theories derived from still more theories…ad infinitum. Every time one of the theories fails a new theory’s dreamed up to patch up all the gaping holes it leaves. A new longitudinal amplified hydrodynamics can be established as combinational mixture of moisture and air over this area as a function of temperature gradient forming a a new type of entropy.A new funneling formed as comparable with cancer zodiac dynamics”
Three new algae blooms popped up this week in the northern Indian River Lagoon, clouding the water and threatening fish kills.