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Death by 6.02214076 × 10e23 particles...

Quantum Field Corrections…

  1. NIHNIH

 

2. EPA

EPA1

This is what ionizing radiation looks like (You cannot see it with your eyes)

  1. https://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/agents/emf/index.cfm
  2. https://www.epa.gov/radtown/electric-and-magnetic-fields-power-lines

6DD5 & 6DD3

Iredell Zip Codes 28117 & 28115

Thyroid cancer cluster in 28117 & 28115 zip codes are downwind of Marshall steam station.  Particulate emissions from the stack plus increased water vapor evaporated due to the plant dumping approx. 60% of its thermal energy generation into Lake Norman will increase flashover on all high voltage systems in the area (lines, insulators and substations)

  1. http://pulse.ncpolicywatch.org/2018/06/20/breaking-dhhs-investigating-suspected-cancer-cluster-near-lake-norman/
  2. Soot/Particulate and Ionizing Radiation
  3. Soot Buildup/Flashover on powerlines and Broad Spectrum Radiation emissions, including UV
  4. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/radiation-exposure/uv-radiation.html
  5. UVc radiation(260 nm) emissions from high voltage powerlines

And the Starlit Sky Grew Before My Eyes

Particularly Puzzling Particulate

PPP

Huntersville Ocular Melanoma Geospatial Observations

exposuresFD

  1. https://nuclear.duke-energy.com/2015/05/21/the-mysterious-hot-hole

And I never really knew what to do

  1. Don’t say I didn’t warn you…
  2. Soot/Particulate and Ionizing Radiation
  3. Soot Buildup/Flashover on powerlines and Broad Spectrum Radiation emissions, including UV
  4. Global Trade, Local Impacts: Lessons from California on Health Impacts and Environmental Justice Concerns for Residents Living near Freight Rail Yards

Recess

Lake Norman High School

1.https://www.wcnc.com/article/news/investigations/investigators/search-for-whats-causing-cancer-in-huntersville-and-mooresville/275-64103e23-2ed0-45df-ace5-0e23c291d3dc

2. Lake Norman High School Google Earth

3. https://youtu.be/ST5HWx1u94c

4. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1049/1/012019

Calling All Cars

Police Station

1.https://www.cnn.com/2017/09/26/health/suspected-cancer-cluster-cincinnati-district-5-police/index.html

2.https://www.cincinnati.com/story/news/2018/04/19/study-cincinnati-one-worst-cities-us-air-pollution/527591002/

3. Google Earth Web

4. https://youtu.be/ST5HWx1u94c

 

1–>2–>3–>4

1234

1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/flashover

2. https://youtu.be/6N1hb9ZXyhs

3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5866597/

4. https://www.coursehero.com/file/p583mvq/The-United-States-had-its-first-major-polio-outbreak-in-1894-in-Rutland-County/

 

What goes up must come down?

Marshall Stack Emissions2

Others are looking to sequestered coal ash as the cause of the high rates of thyroid cancer to the East of Marshall Steam Station, which I disagree with.  Downwind implies an airborne emissions source (fly ash, etc).  The fly ash/particulate and condensed water vapor(when dew point is high) will build up on high voltage transmission lines and increase external ionizing radiation (Corona discharge/UVc). External Ionizing radiation is a known cause of thyroid cancer according to Duke Energy’s MIT Scientist 🙂

Marshall PM10 Particulate

From Duke Energy’s Scientist:

Radiation is the only known environmental exposure that has been clearly linked to thyroid cancer. And coal ash contains radium at low levels. So how can we know coal ash doesn’t cause thyroid cancer? In short: Studies have shown radioactive iodine causes thyroid cancer, while radium does not.

Two very specific types of radiation are associated with thyroid cancer: external ionizing radiation and exposure to iodine-131. Yet as DHHS noted, extensive tests show no community exposures to this type of radiation around the McGuire Nuclear Station site during the past 40 years. [They have never reported testing on UVc ionizing radiation emissions in the past 40 years, oops! forgot to tell you!]

Want to see “External Ionizing Radiation” in the air around high voltage transmission lines and insulators?  It increases when there is particulate buildup on insulators and in the air near high voltage equipment. Here you go:

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/flashover

“Deposition of a pollution layer due to exposing to the sea, road salt, insoluble dust, and various forms of industrial pollution such as sulfates from coal—fired electric power plants [2].”….

“Pollution flashover characteristics of double porcelain insulators. Compared to single insulators, the pollution flashover voltage of double insulators will decline, and the decline of the antipollution capability of double insulators directly makes the pollution flashover of double insulators occur more during field operation, so the installing space of double insulators shall be paid attention to in field operations. Pollution flashover faults on transmission lines happened 40 times in one area during 1998–2003, among them faults occurred 14 times in double insulators, 15 times in single insulators, and 11 times in total in the insulators of other installation types. The pollution flashover probability in double insulators is far bigger than that in single insulators.”

https://hps.org/publicinformation/ate/q9450.html

“The shorter-wavelength, higher-energy UV radiation associated with the UVC category is very strongly absorbed by most organic materials. … The UVC radiation is sufficiently energetic that individual photons may produce chemical bond breakage and ionization of some atoms and molecules.”

https://www.icnirp.org/en/frequencies/uv/ultraviolet.html

“Exposure of the eyes to high levels of UV radiation is also harmful. Intense UV exposure can cause inflammation of the cornea (outer surface of the eye) and retinal damage (rear of the eye). Long-term exposure causes degenerative changes such as unwanted tissue growth on the cornea, opacities of the lens known as cataracts, degeneration of the retina, and various eye cancers.”

 

  1. https://news.duke-energy.com/our-perspective/science-instead-of-speculation-examining-coal-ash-and-health-concerns?fbclid=IwAR1z9dXtuyJZeeZNsZ-UnBmwxy3zbu_gSa0CsUvcSQ28ebn1A_to5du4p8w
  2. https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Marshall_Steam_Station#Table_1:_Death_and_disease_attributable_to_fine_particle_pollution_from_Marshall_Steam_Station
  3. https://deq.nc.gov/public-notice-intent-issue-air-quality-permit-duke-energy-carolinas-llc-marshall-steam-station-0
  4. https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/9/2/87/htm
  5. https://deq.nc.gov/news/key-issues/deq-orders-coal-ash-closures/facilities-and-permits
  6. https://www.powermag.com/scrubbing-optimizing-flue-gas-desulfurization-technologies-is-essential/
  7. https://www.iea-coal.org/wet-scrubbers-for-particulate-control/
  8. https://dukespace.lib.duke.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/10161/2194/MortonV_MP.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
  9. https://res.mdpi.com/d_attachment/applsci/applsci-09-00856/article_deploy/applsci-09-00856.pdf
  10. https://deq.nc.gov/news/key-issues/deq-orders-coal-ash-closures/facilities-and-permits

The Answer is Blowing in the Wind?

Wind Vector

Most probable downwind vectors from Marshall Steam Station and McGuire Nuclear Plant

Mooresville Annual Wind

The Mooresville thyroid cancer cluster lies within the most probable annual downwind envelope from Marshall Steam Station.  The Huntersville eye cancer “hot spot” lies within the most probable annual downwind envelope from McGuire Nuclear Station.

What power plant emissions can be carried downwind?

  1. Water Vapor. Marshall Steam Station and McGuire Nuclear discharge heat via once-through forced-evaporative cooling into Lake Norman.  The warmer Lake Norman water will increase evaporation into the atmosphere via the “Lake Effect” and send the moisture downwind.
  2. Coal Fly Ash.  Fly ash can be carried downwind from the Marshall Steam Station.  Emissions control equipment such as electrostatic precipitators and wet scrubbers reduce this. Unfortunately electrostatic precipitators and wet scrubbers don’t remove all of the dust and fine particle emissions pass through more often and can blow downwind.  The dust collection efficiency of Electrostatic precipitators is affected by the particle size of the aerosol (coal dust) to be collected. When dust collection is performed on an aerosol with different size particles using an electrostatic precipitator, the collection efficiency is high for the large particles, and low for the small particles., which can travel further downwind. Overall fly ash removal should be 95-99%.
  3. Uncovered coal ash piles can also increase emissions due to winds blowing across the pile.  Some leaching into the water table is also possible.
  4. Radionuclides. Radionuclides leaving McGuire Nuclear plants can be airborne and also contained within liquid effluents (cooling water discharge into Lake Norman). Coal fly ash can also contain some radionuclides.
  5. Electrons.  IMO electrons don’t get enough credit.  Electrons are mythical creatures(elementary particles) that generate strong electrical fields around the high voltage transmission lines leaving the plant.  5-7% of the generated electrical energy is lost to the surroundings because electrons don’t actually run along the wire, they take all paths.  It has been said a few go to the moon and back…  Also, electrons have been known to belch and swallow photons, some at very high energies.  The strong ionizing electric field around uninsulated high voltage transmission lines can ionize molecules in the surroundings (like Nitrogen and Oxygen) which then can also emit ionizing UVc radiation into the surroundings.  None of that is good for us carbon based life forms as ionizing radiation blasts holes in our DNA and other molecules.
  6. Charged Ion emissions around the high voltage transmission lines can also float with the air downwind of a powerplant.  Ozone and NOx are just a couple of the pollutants generated from high voltage transmission lines as they “cook” the air around them and electrically charge up any particulate emissions as the dust passes through the strong electric field around the high voltage transmission lines.

Items 1-2 can also increase flashover rates (Corona Discharge due to loss of Item 5.) and ionizing radiation emissions along the nearby high voltage transmission lines leaving the power plants.  Fly ash/carbon “soot” can be very conductive and can “dirty up” the insulators along the transmission lines, increasing corona discharge (Ionizing electric field emissions and ionizing UVc emissions).  High humidity/precipitation in the atmosphere from the forced evaporation from the powerplants can also attract dust and reduce the breakdown voltage on high voltage transmission lines and increase flashover and ionizing radiation discharge.

References:

  1. https://weatherspark.com/y/18920/Average-Weather-in-Mooresville-North-Carolina-United-States-Year-Round
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK201991/
  3. Treatise on Clean Surface Technology, Volume 1
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corona_discharge
  5. https://www.climatecentral.org/news/nuclear-snow-power-plant-produces-snow-in-penn-15501
  6. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/coal-ash-is-more-radioactive-than-nuclear-waste/
  7. https://www.hitachi-infra.com.sg/services/energy/dustcollection/principle/dustcollection.html
  8. https://www.academia.edu/37019234/Iredell_County_NC_Elevated_Thyroid_Cancer_Rates_A_New_Hypothesis_for_an_Environmental_Source_of_Ionizing_Radiation
  9. https://www.academia.edu/36559031/Huntersville_NC_Ocular_Melanoma._Could_it_be_the_most_obvious_answer?email_work_card=interaction_paper
  10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionization#Quantum_mechanical_description_of_ionization
  11. https://dukespace.lib.duke.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/10161/2194/MortonV_MP.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
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